Minimizing Oppression and Discrimination Faced by LGBTQ Youth in Northern British Columbia, Canada

By Julius Okpodi and Emmarex Okhakhu.

Published by The International Journal of Diverse Identities

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: July 24, 2015 $US5.00

This study explores the subjective experiences of gay men and lesbians in Northern British Columbia (B.C.) who self-identified as having difficulties in accessing health care services. An in-depth face to face interview and a critical hermeneutic phenomenological approach were used to share their subjective experience of oppression, and recommendations for future improvements of health-care services delivered to LGBTQ youth in Northern B.C. Five main themes emerged from these interviews: no support for LGBTQ youth, lack of a desire to access health-care services, professional skills, challenges, and services delivery. While these themes overlap and reinforce each other, lack of respect from healthcare professionals was an overwhelming and ongoing concern presented by participants. In addition, I examined thirteen sub-themes in the daily experience of LGBTQ youth: not enough health-care professionals, nowhere to socialize, discrimination and denial of health-care services, fear and internalized homophobia, lack of education on LGBTQ issues, not enough services, no need to access healthcare services, lack of psycho-education program for health-care professionals, equal treatment for everyone, questions and harassment, isolation and depression, lack of support and advocacy services for LGBTQ. These themes offer insight into the everyday effects of multiple forms of oppression and marginalization, and the possibilities for innovative forms of health-care services that could be delivered to LGBTQ youth. The findings from this research can increase understanding for health-care professionals in servicing LGBTQ youth. The findings can also be applied to enhance community outreach, develop services for LGBTQ youth, and improve relationships within and among marginalized communities.

Keywords: LGBTQ Oppression, Marginalization, Dicrimination

The International Journal of Diverse Identities, Volume 14, Issue 4, July 2015, pp.11-29. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: July 24, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 408.461KB)).

Julius Okpodi

Ph.D Candidate, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada

Emmarex Okhakhu

Director for Quality, Performance Improvements & Risk Options Behaviour Health System, Dr. Emmarex Okhakhu, Cell: (317) 531-9288, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA

Emmarex Okhakhu has a PhD in Organization and Management from Capella University, Minneapolis, US. In Nigeria, He taught graduate and undergraduate courses in Management at the Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State. He directs Performance Improvement in Hospitals in the USA, and researching Safety Cultures in Healthcare. He may be reached: